In 2015, pongal will be celebrated on 15th January. Pongal is a four day celebration, thus each day has its own importance. In India, 65% – 70% of the population, livelihood is agriculture. Even it’s not surprising that our most of the festivals are dependent on agricultural background.
The festival of Pongal is also known as Thai Pongal, and it is mainly celebrated in Tamil Nadu state. The beauty of Thai Pongal is not only impounding the natives of Tamil Nadu but also celebrated with great gusto and glory, all over the world. Festival of Pongal occurs once a year and generally it is celebrated on 14th or 15th January and is celebrated on a very large level. Since, the Sangam period the festival of Pongal is celebrated.
In beginning, Pongal is celebrated only by the community of Dravidian, but in later it found means into the lives of farmers. And slowly it acquires its popularity or fame among every area of the society. Therefore, pongal is the annually harvested festival and it marks the initialing stage of Uttarayana (for a six month position of Sun towards north).
As per Hinduism, period of Uttarayan is considered as the auspicious event as different to the period of Dakshinayan (movement of Sun towards south). During the period of Uttarayan, all the auspicious or good events are scheduled. When the Sun comes into Capricorn, it marks the festival of Makar Sankranti.
This year Thai Pongal will be celebrated by sending good wishes to your family and friends with our Pongal wallpapaers and greetings.
2015 Pongal: what is Pongal?
Pongal is considered as the harvest festival which is celebrated by the community of Tamilians in Tamil in the month of Thai (January-February).therefore, the festival of Pongal is known as Thai Pongal. This occasion of Pongal is celebrated to give tribute to the nature, to make sure fine harvest of the crops such as sugarcane, turmeric, rice, cereals and many more. Festival of Thai Pongal is celebrated at same time when other main festivals like In Assam Bhogali Bhihu, Lohri in Punjab and Makar Sankranti in Karnataka, Bihar, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Maharashtra state is celebrated.
The term Pongal, when translated in Tamil means “to boil and spill over”. On the special day of Pongal, the signature sweet dish is made and it gets its name from this occasion i.e. Pongal. In the harvest month of Thai, festival of Pongal is celebrated continuously for four days. Now, let’s start with Bhogi, first day of Pongal.
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First Day of festival Pongal: Bhogi
The festival of Pongal starts with the Bhogi celebration. God Indra (lord of rain) is worshipped on this day. On the day of Thai Pongal rituals are followed i.e. build a fire and put all the unused and old items like clothes and utensils into it. Therefore, the ritual of Thai Pongal is a mark to throw away all bad or past wrongs and also welcome a great and positive future. Thus, Crowd come around the fire and enjoy this moments by dancing and singing songs.
Second Day of Pongal festival: Surya Pongal
Surya Pongal is celebrated on the second day of Thai Pongal. On this auspicious day Lord Sun (Lord of rain) is worshipped. The day begins with the ritual, outside the house boiling the rice and then it is offered to the Lord Sun. According to the Thai Pongal tradition, a plant of Turmeric is tied to such container in which the rice is boiled. And when the rice is boiled, it spills over the container and then it is offered to the Lord Sun along with bananas, coconuts and two pieces of Sugarcane. Drawing the traditional Rangoli in front of container is another main ritual of Pongal that is followed at the time of Puja.
Third Day of Pongal festival: Mattu Pongal
Mattu Pongal is celebrated on the third day of the Thai Pongal. In Tamil, the word Mattu means cow thus, it is a day which is dedicated to cows. Cow is considered very important for agriculture. On this day, cows are firstly cleaned and decorated with color papers, paints, balloons etc. and belts with little bells are tied around the neck of cow. Then, cows are taken for events like cow races or for procession. The main attraction of the third day of Thai Pongal is the fighting of Bull that named as Jallikattu. On this day, young men figh with the bulls to win over them and in return they get money in reward. In Tamil Nadu, Madurai city is also known as the temple town which is famous for the event of Jallikattu, on the auspicious festival of Thai Pongal.
Fourth Day of Pongal Festival: Kanum Pongal
Kanum Pongal is celebrated on the fourth and the last day of the Pongal festival. This day starts with the assembling of women of the house in the courtyard for the purpose of ritualistic prayer ceremony. This puja starts with putting a washed turmeric leaf on the top of the Pongal Sweets, sugarcane, ven (spicy) Pongal, white rice, turmeric, betel leaves and nuts. After this whole process women performs aarti of the head of the family i.e. husband and take blessings of him. Then this water is sprinkled in every room of the house and it removes the negativity of the house and to welcome the Goddess Laxmi in the home on the last day of the festival of Thai Pongal.
The beautiful harvest festival celebration of four days ends with the Kanum Pongal, it is the last day of Pongal celebration. This 2015, Thai Pongal will be filled with great joys, happiness and all the four wonderful days of excitement.
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Category: Festival 2015
Created: Friday, March 20 2015
Author: Lokesh Jagirdar